Black currant (scientific name Ribes nigrum, English is Blackcurrant), is a plant from the genus lychee (Ribes), they also have the same name (Grossulariaceae).
The black currant is about 1-2 m high, is a shrub, leaves up to 10cm wide, heart-shaped, hairy underneath, serrated edges. Violet blue-brown flowers bloom in April to May in Central Europe. Black fruits, clustered. This bush has no thorns, has a strong smell like urine , so that it can be distinguished from red parsley.
Scientists from the Center for Food and Plant Research (New Zealand) in collaboration with the University of Northumbria (UK) carried out research proving the compounds found in blackcurrants cultivated in New Zealand) has the potential to increase mental performance indicators, such as accuracy, focus and good mood . Research has also shown that blackcurrant juice can inhibit the activity of monoamine oxidase enzymes, which regulate the levels of serotonin and dopamine in the brain (chemicals that cause depression ). This is considered the focus for treatments for both neurodegenerative symptoms such as mood disorders and Parkinson’s.